Biographical Study

SKETCH OF KING ASA OF JUDAH (1 Kings 15:9-24; 2 Chronicles 14:2-17:1)

ASA means “Physician” or “Healer”

HIS REIGN: (911 to 870 B.C.) during the Period of Stabilization in Israel (911 to 841 B.C.)

Parents: Father Abijam was godly; Mother was a daughter of Uriel of Gibeah; and Grandmother
Maacah was ungodly.

Early Training and/or experiences: Asa caught the godly side of his father and rejected his
grandmother and mother’s ungodly influence.

Nature of it: Asa inherited the Throne of Judah from his father as boy of 10 or 11 years of age.
Reactions of others to it: People responded to Asa’s leadership.

Asa did what was good and right in the eyes of the LORD his God (2 Chronicles 14:2).
Asa’s heart was fully committed to the LORD all his life (2 Chronicles 15:17).

Asa crushed Zerah the Chushite’s vast army with 580,000 brave fighting men (2 Chronicles 14:8-5).
Asa called on the LORD with one of the Great Prayers of the Bible 2 Chronicles 14:11).
Faith and Prayer proved to be the secret and irresistible weapon of God’s people.
“God delivered” seems to indicate some kind of supernatural intervention (2 Chronicles 14:12).
Spirit of God comes on the Prophet Azariah and he is sent to Asa to speak of the past, present and
future (2C 15:1). The message simple and clear: Obedience bring blessing and disobedience brings
defeat; the Eternal One was on your side because you were on His side; and “Be strong and do not
give up, for your work will be rewarded.”

Asa took courage and listened to Azariah and the country was at rest for ten years (2C 14:1, 5-7).
Asa used these years wisely bring about religious reform. Large numbers from the North settled in
Judah when they saw that the LORD was with Asa.

Civil War between King Asa and King Baasha of Israel throughout their reigns.
Baasha attempted to build a “Berlin Wall” at Ramah to stop the immigration.

Asa’s lapse of faith; he panicked, displaying the dichotomy between his faith and actions. He took
the dedicated gold and silver out of the Temple and hires Ben-Hadad of Syria to fight against the
Northern Kingdom. Asa trusted in human alliances rather than the power of God like his father had
done. Baasha stopped building Ramah. No more wars, however, spiritual defeat for Asa.

Hanani the Seer rebukes Asa for not trusting in God (2 C 16:7-10). Asa would have conquered Syria
(Aram) as well if he had trusted God. Because of deliberate sin, Asa would have wars until the end.
Asa responds to God’s message by putting Hanani in prison and oppresses some of the people. This
begins the checkered history of the persecution of God’s prophets.

God’s chastisement comes in physical illness. Asa’s feet became diseased for two years. He did not
seek help from the LORD but only from physicians. Disease hardened his heart instead of softening
it, resulting in his son Jehoshaphat becoming co-regent.


Asa died in his forty-first year of his reign and rested with his fathers. He was laid in state and a
huge fire was made in his honor.


Asa’s godly years were followed by several disappointing years because Asa became too self-reliant
and turned from the commendable trust in God he had been demonstration.

Asa responded to God’s word in two very different ways. He received the exhortations of Azariah and
heeded what was spoken to him by God; later he rejected the warning of Hanai and threw him in

In Asa is demonstrated both the blessing of seeking God and the folly of rejecting Him.

Asa’s lack of faith in the LORD and his trust in human resources displeased God. He disobeyed
God’s precepts, disregarded God’s prophet and denied God’s power.

Asa’s fall from spiritual heights serves as exemplary admonition to the believer to abide humbly in
Christ, lest our life become very unproductive for God.

Asa was Judah’s first saved king and was the godliest king to sit on the throne in Judah until Hezekiah
and Josiah.

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