Biblical Analyses

THEMATIC THEME ANALYSIS

The overall theme of the Bible is the unfolding of human redemption in the Messiah. This theme is
comprised of countless underlying themes, which can be traced in the covenants of God as they come to
bear on biblical history. Books, sections, paragraphs all have themes that build on themes. The first and
foremost task of the exegete is to discover the theme of the unit being studied. For example, the theme
of Mark’s Gospel is stated in Mark 10:45. In the first ten chapters of Mark, Christ gives His life in
service, and in the last six chapters, He gives His life in ransom.

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

Observe repetition of words, phrases, events, and ideas, e.g., Faith, Hope, Love structure of Romans 5:15;
and the Book of Romans: Faith (1-8), Hope (9-11), Love (12-16). “The righteous will live by faith”
(Habakkuk 2:4) is illuminated in the Books of Romans (the righteous), Galatians (will live), Hebrews
(by faith).

Observe the writer’s arrangement and selection of material. The arrangement of episodes and selection
of details are clues to theological themes, e.g., the conversion of wicked king Manasseh recorded in 2
Chronicles 33:1-20 is a theological event. His conversion and restoration proves the truthfulness of 7:14
and reinforces the primary theme of hope in First and Second Chronicles.

BASIC STRUCTURE OF THE BIBLE

The framework of the Bible is fourfold: Kingdom, Covenant, Messiah and Land. God’s purpose for
man from the very beginning was that man was destined to rule creation. Man was to be the king of the
earth, but Adam forfeited kingship in the Fall. Therefore, God began working to restore man as king of
the earth through His covenant program. This covenant-kingdom program culminates with the Messiah
ruling the mediatorial-millennial kingdom on the earth. Failure to grasp this fourfold structure is a
failure to understand God’s plan for the human race.

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